#marinebiodiversity

  • 15 April 2020

    Marine Protected Areas (MPA)

    By Rebecca Rolle – Marine Conservation Expert at Tondo The project in collaboration with Worldrise Onlus and Arianna Liconti project manager of Worldrise Onlus, concerns the conservation and innovation of the ecosystem services characterizing the Marine Protected Areas (MPA), with particular attention to the protection of marine biodiversity. The MPA represent an element of sustainable development. It allows the conservation of biodiversity and natural processes; it provides shelter for endangered and threatened species and areas where fish can reproduce; it protects critical habitats from damage due to practices of destructive fishing and other human activities, catches of fish (in size and quantity) in the surrounding fishing sites up to 80%; it increases the resilience of ecosystems; it maintains local cultures, economies, tourism and livelihoods related to the marine environment; it maintains the promotion of education, training and scientific research activities, and compatible recreational activities; it allows control guaranteed by research and innovation for the waste cycle and water purification. Biodiversity is the basis for the wealth of nations. In addition to intrinsic value, biodiversity is important because it is a source of goods and services for humanity, directly and indirectly, an essential aspect for its survival and prosperity. These services are called: ecosystem services (ES) and they represent “the benefits that people get from the ecosystem”. Biodiversity depends on the ability of natural systems to provide the ES that support the life of humankind and guarantee the life of all species. ES lead to better well-being of human communities capable of creating development opportunities, less vulnerability and greater health and resilience of natural systems. They consist of the production of food, the availability of water, raw materials, genetic resources, functions and processes of ecosystems such as absorption of pollutants, protection from erosion and floods, maintenance of water quality, disease control,...
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